How to insert a C# List to database using Dapper.NET

c# dapper sql-server

Question

Using , how can I insert a C# List to database. Previously without dapper I used the below code to insert the List values to database.

try
{                
    connection.Open();

    for (int i = 0; i < processList.Count; i++)
    {
        string processQuery = "INSERT INTO PROCESS_LOGS VALUES (@Id, @st_Time, @ed_Time, @td_Time)";
        command = new SqlCommand(processQuery, connection);
        command.Parameters.Add("Id", SqlDbType.Int).Value = processList[i].ID;
        command.Parameters.Add("st_Time", SqlDbType.DateTime).Value = processList[i].ST_TIME;
        command.Parameters.Add("ed_Time", SqlDbType.DateTime).Value = processList[i].ED_TIME;
        command.Parameters.Add("td_Time", SqlDbType.DateTime2).Value = processList[i].TD_TIME;
        dataReader.Close();
        dataReader = command.ExecuteReader();
    }

    connection.Close();
}
catch (SqlException ex)
{
    //--Handle Exception
}

I'm familiar with fetching the data using dapper but this is my first try using insert query.

I tried the below code, using Exceute linked to query but stuck up with looping; I think using dapper tool, there is no need for looping statement.

connection.Execute(processQuery ... );

EDIT:

class ProcessLog
    {
        public int ID { get; set; }
        public DateTime ST_TIME { get; set; }
        public DateTime ED_TIME { get; set; }
        public DateTime TD_TIME { get; set; }
        public string frequency { get; set; }
    }

Please advice on this. FYI: I'm using SQL Server 2008.

Accepted Answer

You'd have to do it a little differently. In Dapper, it matches on convention AKA property or field names being identical to SQL parameters. So, assuming you had a MyObject:

public class MyObject
{
    public int A { get; set; }

    public string B { get; set; }
}

And assuming processList = List<MyObject>, You'd want to do this

foreach (var item in processList)
{
    string processQuery = "INSERT INTO PROCESS_LOGS VALUES (@A, @B)";        
    connection.Execute(processQuery, item);
}

Note that the MyObject property names A and B match the SQL parameter names @A and @B.

If you don't want to rename objects, you can use anonymous types to do the mappings instead of concrete types:

foreach (var item in processList)
{
    string processQuery = "INSERT INTO PROCESS_LOGS VALUES (@A, @B)";        
    connection.Execute(processQuery, new { A = item.A, B = item.B });
}

EDIT:

Per Marc Gravell's comment, you can also have Dapper do the loop for you:

string processQuery = "INSERT INTO PROCESS_LOGS VALUES (@A, @B)";        
connection.Execute(processQuery, processList);

Popular Answer

I believe the bulk insert is better than iterate the list and insert one by one.

SqlTransaction trans = connection.BeginTransaction();

connection.Execute(@"
insert PROCESS_LOGS(Id, st_Time, ed_Time, td_Time)
values(@Id, @st_Time, @ed_Time, @td_Time)", processList, transaction: trans);

trans.Commit();

Reference: https://stackoverflow.com/a/12609410/1136277



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