Dapper Tutorial Dapper - QueryMultiple Method


The QueryMultiple is an extension method of the IDbConnection interface. It executes multiple queries within the same command and maps the results to strong entities.


The syntax of the QueryMultiple method is given below:

GridReader QueryMultiple(string sql, 
                         object param = null, 
                         IDbTransaction transaction = null, 
                         int? commandTimeout = null, 
                         CommandType? commandType = null);
  • The QueryMultiple method takes a SQL query as a string and an optional object parameter. The object parameter can be used to pass parameters to the SQL query.
  • The QueryMultiple method also takes optional parameters for transaction, command timeout, and command type.
  • The return type of QueryMultiple is an object that implements IDataReader. We can use this object to read the results of each SQL statement.

The following table shows the different parameters of a QueryMultiple method.

Name Description
sql It represents an SQL query or stored procedure. This parameter is required.
param It represents the parameters required by SQL query or stored procedure. This parameter is optional. We can pass the parameter to SQL in anonymous type, dynamic object, or Dapper.DynamicParameters class.
transaction It represents a database transaction. This parameter is optional if we are using this method outside of a transaction, otherwise, it is required.
commandTimeout It represents the time in seconds to wait before terminating the command execution and generating an error. The default value of this parameter is 30 seconds. This parameter is optional.
commandType It specifies how SQL query or stored procedure should be interpreted by the data provider. The default value of this parameter is Text. This parameter is optional.

The following example shows how to execute two SQL statements in one round trip to the database. In the first query, we get all invoices from the Invoices table, and in the second query, we get all invoice items from the InvoiceItems table.

string sql = "SELECT * FROM Invoices WHERE InvoiceID = @InvoiceID; SELECT * FROM InvoiceItems WHERE InvoiceID = @InvoiceID;";

using (var connection = My.ConnectionFactory())

    using (var multi = connection.QueryMultiple(sql, new {InvoiceID = 1}))
        var invoice = multi.Read<Invoice>().First();
        var invoiceItems = multi.Read<InvoiceItem>().ToList();

We map the results of both queries to the Invoice and InvoiceItem classes.